Kono Y1, Kawahara Y2, Okada H1.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Sep 1. pii: S1542-3565(17)31045-5.
Chromoendoscopy (CE) and image-enhanced endoscopy are useful for accurately diagnosing gastric neoplasms. However, unclear lesions, such as those with a flat morphology or normochromic color, sometimes can be missed. We herein present a case in which CE was performed with the combined use of an acetic acid indigo carmine mixture (AIM) and linked-color imaging (LCI), and this method was effective for detecting early gastric cancer. A Japanese man in his 70s underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy for screening purposes. It was difficult to identify any lesions by white-light imaging (Figure A).
However, when performing image-enhanced endoscopy with LCI, a shallow depressed lesion was identified in the prepyloric area and this modality made it easier to detect the lesion, but the visibility was insufficient to distinguish clearly between the lesion and the surrounding area (Figure B). CE using an AIM with LCI enhanced not only the surface color, but also the demarcation line of the lesion (Figure C). A histologic examination of a biopsy specimen showed differentiated-type adenocarcinoma, and endoscopic submucosal dissection thereafter was performed.
The pathologic diagnosis of the resected specimen showed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach (Figure D). Performing CE using an AIM and LCI is useful for detecting gastric neoplasms.