Computer-aided diagnosis of colorectal polyps using linked color imaging colonoscopy to predict histology.

Min M1, Su S1, He W2, Bi Y1, Ma Z2, Liu Y2.

Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 27;9(1):2881. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-39416-7.

We developed a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on linked color imaging (LCI) images to predict the histological results of polyps by analyzing the colors of the lesions. A total of 139 images of adenomatous polyps and 69 images of non-adenomatous polyps obtained from our hospital were collected and used to train the CAD system. A test set of LCI images, including both adenomatous and non-adenomatous polyps, was prospectively collected from patients who underwent colonoscopies between Oct and Dec 2017; this test set was used to assess the diagnostic abilities of the CAD system compared to those of human endoscopists (two experts and two novices). The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of this novel CAD system for the training set were 87.0%, 87.1%, 87.0%, 93.1%, and 76.9%, respectively. The test set included 115 adenomatous polyps and 66 non-adenomatous polyps that were prospectively collected. The CAD system identified adenomatous or non-adenomatous polyps in the test set with an accuracy of 78.4%, a sensitivity of 83.3%, a specificity of 70.1%, a PPV of 82.6%, and an NPV of 71.2%. The accuracy of the CAD system was comparable to that of the expert endoscopists (78.4% vs 79.6%; p = 0.517). In addition, the diagnostic accuracy of the novices was significantly lower to the performance of the experts (70.7% vs 79.6%; p = 0.018). A novel CAD system based on LCI could be a rapid and powerful decision-making tool for endoscopists.

1 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences Beijing, 100071, China
2 Pattern Recognition and Intelligent System Laboratory, School of Information and Communication Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, 100876, China. Min Min and Song Su contributed equally.