Objective Endoscopic Analysis with Linked Color Imaging regarding Gastric Mucosal Atrophy: A Pilot Study.

Mizukami K1, Ogawa R1, Okamoto K1, Shuto M1, Fukuda K1, Sonoda A1, Matsunari O1, Hirashita Y1, Okimoto T1, Kodama M1, Murakami K1.

Gastroenterol Res Pract. 2017; 2017:5054237. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Objectives: We aimed to determine whether linked color imaging (LCI), a new image-enhanced endoscopy that enhances subtle differences in mucosal colors, can distinguish the border of endoscopic mucosal atrophy.

Methods: This study included 30 patients with atrophic gastritis. In endoscopy, we continuously took images in the same composition with both LCI and white light imaging (WLI). In each image, the color values of atrophic and nonatrophic mucosae were quantified using the International Commission on Illumination 1976 (L∗, a∗, b∗) color space. Color differences at the atrophic border, defined as Euclidean distances of color values between the atrophic and nonatrophic mucosae, were compared between WLI and LCI for the overall cohort and separately for patients with Helicobacter pylori infection status.

Results: We found that the color difference became significantly higher with LCI than with WLI in the overall samples of 90 points in 30 patients. LCI was 14.79 ± 6.68, and WLI was 11.06 ± 5.44 (P < 0.00001). LCI was also more effective in both of the Helicobacter pylori-infected group (P = 0.00003) and the Helicobacter pylori-eradicated group (P = 0.00002).

Conclusions: LCI allows clear endoscopic visualization of the atrophic border under various conditions of gastritis, regardless of Helicobacter pylori infection status.

1 Department of Gastroenterology, Oita University, Japan.